3000 Years of History

The Timeline of Jerusalem

1000 B.C. – 0 A.D.

Approximately 1000 B.C. King David captures the city Jebus, and makes it the capital of his United Kingdom.

1000 B.C.

King Solomon

builds the

first Temple

950 B.C.

Sennacherib king of Assyria attacks Jerusalem but failed to capture it

701 B.C.

Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon conquers Jerusalem and destroys the First Temple

586 B.C.

Cyrus king of Persia allows the Jewish exiles to return from Babylon

538 B.C.

Completion of the building of the Second Temple by the Returnees. Ezra and Nehemiah rebuild the city walls

515 B.C.

Alexander the Great conquers Jerusalem

332 B.C.

Pompey conquers Jerusalem. Beginning of the Roman period

63 B.C.

Herod the Great anointed King of Judah enlarges the Temple mount and rebuilds the Temple

37 B.C.

0 A.D. –  1516

Jesus was crucified

27 - 33

The destruction of Jerusalem and the Temple by Titus, the Roman


The Bar Kokhba revolt. Second Jewish revolt against Rome.

132 - 135

Jerusalem rebuilt by the Emperor Hadrian as a Roman city and named Aelia Capitolina


Constantine the Great begins construction of the The Church of the Holy Sepulchre


Jerusalem conquered by the Persians


Jerusalem was conquered by the Muslim Calif Umar ibn al-Khattab


The Dome of the Rock built by Abd el-Malik


Jerusalem conquered by the Crusadersders


Jerusalem conquered by Saladin


1516 – Today

Jerusalem captured by the Ottoman Empire


Sultan Suleiman the Magnificent builds the city walls of Jerusalem

1538 - 1540

British Mandate period following the British victory over the Turks in World War I


Jerusalem is divided between Israel and Jordan

1948 - 1967

1967- Today

After the Six Day War in 1967 Jerusalem reunified under Israeli control