The Timeline of Jerusalem
3000 Years of History
1000 B.C. – 0 A.D.
Approximately 1000 B.C. King David captures the city Jebus, and makes it the capital of his United Kingdom.
King Solomon builds the first Temple.
Sennacherib king of Assyria attacks Jerusalem but failed to capture it.
Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon conquers Jerusalem and destroys the First Temple.
Completion of the building of the Second Temple by the Returnees. Ezra and Nehemiah rebuild the city walls.
Alexander the Great conquers Jerusalem.
Pompey conquers Jerusalem. Beginning of the Roman period.
Herod the Great anointed King of Judah enlarges the Temple mount and rebuilds the Temple.
0 A.D. – 1516
27 - 33
Jesus was crucified
The destruction of Jerusalem and the Temple by Titus, the Roman.
132 - 135
The Bar Kokhba revolt. Second Jewish revolt against Rome.
Jerusalem rebuilt by the Emperor Hadrian as a Roman city and named Aelia Capitolina.
Constantine the Great begins construction of the The Church of the Holy Sepulchre.
Jerusalem conquered by the Persians.
Jerusalem was conquered by the Muslim Calif Umar ibn al-Khattab.
The Dome of the Rock built by Abd el-Malik.
Jerusalem conquered by the Crusadersders.
Jerusalem conquered by Saladin.
1516 – Today
Jerusalem captured by the Ottoman Empire.
1538 - 1540
Sultan Suleiman the Magnificent builds the city walls of Jerusalem.
British Mandate period following the British victory over the Turks in World War I.
1948 - 1967
Jerusalem is divided between Israel and Jordan.
After the Six Day War in 1967 Jerusalem reunified under Israeli control.