The Timeline of Jerusalem

First Temple Period;    Second Temple Period;     The Roman Byzantine Period;     First Muslim Period;     The Crusaders;    Second Muslim Period;      Present Time;


1000 B.C. –  586 B.C.  

Approximately 1000 B.C. King David captures the city Jebus (Jerusalem), and makes it the capital of his United Kingdom. North of the city of David, upon the hilltop of Mount Moriah best known for the Binding of Isaac by Abraham, David’s son Solomon builds the First Temple. Some 400 years later in 586 B.C. the Babylonian King Nebuchadnezzar conquers the Judean Kingdom and destroys the Temple.


Map of Jerusalem during The First Temple Period.

Assyria & Babylon

When King Hoshea of Israel rebelled and refused to pay the yearly tribute, the Assyrian King Shalmaneser V began a siege of Samaria (722-721 B.C). The Northern kingdom of Israel was destroyed and the 10 tribes of Israel were exiled to Assyria.

In 701 B.C, the Assyrian King Sennacherib besieged Jerusalem. The Bible records that Hezekiah King of Judah trusted God and Jerusalem was saved.

In 589 B.C the Babylonian Nebuchadnezzer II  began a siege of Jerusalem. After the fall of Jerusalem, the city was plundered, and King Solomon’s Temple was destroyed. The people and most of the elite were taken into captivity in Babylon.

Bible stories

David and Goliath : 1 Samuel 17

17 Now the Philistines gathered their forces for war … The Philistines occupied one hill and the Israelites another, with the valley between them. A champion named Goliath, who was from Gath, came out of the Philistine camp. His height was six cubits and a span.He had a bronze helmet on his head and wore a coat of scale armor of bronze weighing five thousand shekels Goliath…shouted to the ranks of Israel… Choose a man and have him come down to me. If he is able to fight and kill me, we will become your subjects; but if I overcome him and kill him, you will become our subjects .”40 Then he (David) took his staff in his hand, chose five smooth stones from the stream, put them in the pouch of his shepherd’s bag and, with his sling in his hand, approached the Philistine…. 45 David said to the Philistine, “You come against me with sword and spear and javelin, but I come against you in the name of the Lord Almighty, the God of the armies of Israel… 48 As the Philistine moved closer to attack him, David …4 Reaching into his bag and taking out a stone, he slung it and struck the Philistine on the forehead. The stone sank into his forehead, and he fell facedown on the ground.